範文內容說明詳解、規劃、爆Points

Learning English through Debating 

 (中譯社交媒體與言論自由)

2019DSE Q3 (Mock)

 

Do social media platforms such as Facebook and YouTube encourage the freedom of speech? Although the right to freedom of speech is ingrained into people’s lives, such free speech is not absolute. 

 

  • Write an argumentative essay.
  • Choose one side of the argument and stay your position, giving reasons and evidence to support your view. 
  • Include a title for your essay.

(about 400 words)

 

 

2019 IELTS (Mock)

Do social media platforms such as Facebook and Youtube encourage the freedom of speech? Choose your position, either supporting or opposing, and give reasons to your view.   

(250 words or above)

 

如要詳細了解文中所用的符號及說明,請按此了解【免費DSE英文,IELTS寫作技巧詳解及範文】

 

 

A. 思緒草搞(寫作前): Draft ‘Organization & Content’ before Writing

 

PPB 三段爆點思維(mindset)   【什麼是PPB三段爆點法(廣東話按此)(普通話按此)】

1. Popularity (P): 越來越多人以社交平台展現「言論自由」。

2. Purpose (P): 原意是加強群眾雙向溝通,但不少人具不良意圖。(Purpose各異這個矛盾/對立位,選擇「反而不能鼓勵言論自由」這個立場。並從這立場想出以下2個【負面Being)

3. Being (B): 社交平台的存在(being)- 容易用來散播不實謠言、可以是一種工具煽動社會針對某一類群體。

I. Intro:

Popularity寫出【現象】 

II. Body:

 2Topic Sentences 【灰底】

1. social media can be manipulated to spread gossips and rumors easily.

2. social media can be used as a tool to instigate public prejudice towards special groups of people. 

 

III. Concession 讓步段(Optional)

 

(Purpose) 原意是好,但是

IV. Conclusion

重申(paraphrase)

預測:會有更多法例對這種「言論自由」進行規管。

心法:Intro, Conclusion, Elaboration 都可運用【5大鋪墊:現、他、表、理、讓】進行「內容製定」。

【什麼是5大鋪墊? 什麼是讓步段? (廣東話按此)(普通話按此)

 

B. 範文(Target: DSE level 5**/IELTS Score 8 or above)

 

解讀Key:

【五大鋪墊】 = 【現】現象/現實例子;

【他】他人看法;

【表】個人表述;

【理】道理;

【讓】讓步段/讓步句

   灰底    該段Topic Sentence

綠字可顯示range of vocabulary(參考下表)的字眼變化

 

Is Social Media really encouraging the Freedom of Speech?

Paragraph 1

【現】The progression of technology always leads to inventions of unprecedented great high-techs,   like the emergence of social media platforms in recent years. The social media platforms, whether it be Facebook, Twitter, or Youtube, (7+3畫解:如何舉例廣東話按此)(普通話按此)blends telecommunication, social interaction, and content-sharing media where people interact to communicate through pictures, films, videos, words, and music. Social media seems to enhance our freedom of speech over and above what normally might be expected.(7+3畫解:句型與prep.廣東話按此)(普通話按此)

 社交媒體是在推動「言論自由」,真的嗎?  (原文【直譯】)

【現】科技的演進常會帶來前所未見的偉大高端發明,就像近年冒起的社交媒體。這些社交媒體平台,例如Facebook, Twitter, Youtube 混合了電子溝通,社交互動、內容分享媒界,人們可以在其中互動溝通,透過圖片、電影、短片、文字、音樂。社交媒體似乎在加強著我們的言論自由,遠遠超過我們正常所預料的。

 

 

Paragraph 2

【表】However, the story is not in this direction. I believe the increasing popularity of using such social media will finally lead to imposing more restrictions(7+3畫解: to+Ving如何用廣東話按此)(普通話按此) on the freedom of speech in many societies, to a certain extent. 

【表】但是,故事並非朝這方向走。我相信隨著這些社交媒體愈來愈變得流行,最後在很多社會中,會導致對言論自由實施某程度上更多的限制。

 

 

Paragraph 3

【理】One of the major causes is that social media can be manipulated to spread gossips and rumors easily. Most social media uses mobile and web-based technologies to turn communications into interactive dialogues. People can use social media to express feelings, give opinions, praise and rebuke vices(罪惡). Therefore, anyone with a social media account can express ‘any’ opinions and feelings on matters even affecting an individual country or the whole world at large. 【現】For instance, Twitter allowed internet users to discuss and give views about the Covid-19 pandemic. But different kinds of conspiracy theories against governments without rigorous supports dominated on social media. Hence, many people who refused to surrender DNA samples to their government for the pandemic test prevailed, on the ground of mistrust already strengthened by the gossips and rumors on social media.(7+3畫解:如何用【三種語構】組成複合句I廣東話按此)(普通話按此)

【理】其中一個原因是社交平台可以很容易被操控,以散佈閒話及謠言。大部份社交媒體都是用手機及網絡相關科技,去將資訊轉化成互動式對話。所以,任何人只要有該社交媒體的戶口,就能表達「任何」意見和感受,甚至影響著一個國家或全世界整體的關鍵事情。【現】例如,Twitter容許互聯網用家討論及對Covid-19流行病提出觀點,但對抗著政府的形形式式陰謀論(缺乏嚴謹支持的)在社交平台上卻隨處可見。因此,很多人拒絕給予DNA樣本給政府作流行病測試,基於「不信任」已經被社交媒體上的閒話及謠言強化。

 

 

Paragraph 4

【理】Another conspicuous factor is that social media can be used as a tool to instigate (煽動)public prejudice towards special groups of people.  Some use social media to spread hate, let out their anger to abuse, etc. As a matter of fact, social media platforms have always been used to defame special groups of people, thus spoiling their public image. Misused freedom of speech on social media platforms may leave permanent damages that will remain as long as the platform is still there. (7+3畫解:如何用【三種語構】組成複合句II廣東話按此)(普通話按此)This has made social media platform owners put policies aiming at regulating such freedom of speech. 【現】 One recent incident is that of Twitter’s deleting a post made by the president of the United States(7+3畫解:poss. adj. Ving的用法廣東話按此)(普通話按此), claiming that it violated some of the platform’s policies. In reality, some governments already enacted laws that aimed to tame(馴化) excessive use of freedom of speech online.

【理】另一個顯而易見的原因是:社交媒體可以被利用成工具煽動公眾對某一群人產生偏見。有些人利用社交媒體去散播仇恨、發洩怒氣以濫用等。而事實上,社交媒體一向都有被人利用作抵毀某些突殊圈子的人,然後破壞他們的公眾形象。在社交平台上被濫用的言論自由可能會留下永久性的損害,只要該平台還存留。這會令社交平台的擁有者推出政策去規管這種言論自由。【現】近期一件事件就是Twitter刪除了一個由美國總統發出的帖子,聲稱該帖違背了平台的政策。在現實中,一些政府已制定了法律,專門針對馴化網上過度運用的言論自由。

 

 

Paragraph 5

【讓】It is undeniable that the emergence of social media exhibits and enhances the extent of freedom of speech. People can now give their opinions, make demands, express their happiness, agitation, and other emotions. But in these few years, I notice there have been many ill uses of social media platforms, thereby probably deviating from the primary purpose of why they were invented. (7+3畫解:prep. w-clause的用法廣東話按此)(普通話按此) We now often hear: ‘When expressing the freedom of speech on social media platforms, people should be accountable for what they chose to post on their respective platforms!’ 

【讓】不能否認的是:社交媒體的冒起的確展現出、加強了某範圍的言論自由。人們現在能容易地給予意見、提出要求、表達快樂、激動及其他心情。但這幾年,我察覺有不少濫用社交平台的個案,其中可能違背了該平台被發明的基本目的。我們現在常常聽到:「當在社交媒體表達言論自由時,人們應當對他們在不同平台所選擇發出的帖子負上責任!」

 

 

Paragraph 6

【表】Although social media has been a great tool used by a significant percentage of people to ‘exhibit’ their freedom of speech, such freedom has also been abused with equal measure. My prediction is:  as the ill-use of different social media prevails, more rules and legislations will be imposed to limit ‘such freedom of speech’ in our daily lives.

【表】儘管社交媒體已成為大部份人「展示」他們的言論自由的偉大工具,但這自由亦同樣相同程度地被濫用。我的預測是:隨著在不同社交媒體的濫用日趨普遍,將會施加更多規則和法例,以限制我們生活中「這種言論自由」。

Copyrights reserved by Tomato Yip

 

 

C) Vocabulary pool 字彙庫   

透過7+5音符英語(發音系統)按此幫助你 (數分鐘解說就能應用的Phonics系統)

增強vocab長期記憶、無痛學曉國際拼音 

 

【按此】本範文的Vocab影片教學(廣東話按此)(普通話按此

 

Ci) VocabularyPhrase worth memorizing

 

7+5音符拼記

教你點睇7+5短拼音(廣東話按此)(普通話按此)】

國際拼音

rebuke vices 指責罪惡

rēbūke̽ vīce̽s

rɪˈbjuːˈvaɪsɪ

gossips and rumors

閒話與謠言

gôssîps a³nd rūmo̥rs

ˈgɒsɪps ænd ˈruːməz

instigate  煽動

înstîgāte̽

ˈɪnstɪgeɪt

spoiling 破壞

spô+îling

ˈspɔːɪlɪŋ

exhibit 展示

êxhîbît

ɪgˈzɪbɪ

 

 

Cii) 顯示 Range of Vocabulary (Paraphrase能力

 

段落位

7+5音符拼記

國際拼音

unprecedented 前所未見的

1st 

ûnprēcēde̥nted

ʌnˈprɛsɪdəntɪ

over and above what normally might be expected.

遠超意料之外的

1st 

ōve̥r a³nd abûve̽ whãt nôrmḁlly mīght bē ēkspêkt̽ed

ˈəʊvər ænd əˈbʌv wɒˈnɔːməli maɪt biː ɪksˈpɛktɪd.

manipulate 操縱

3rd

mḁnîpũlāte̽

məˈnɪpjʊleɪt

misuse 濫用

4th

mîsûse̽

ˌmɪsˈuːs

ill-use 濫用/虐待

6th

îll-ūse̽

ˈɪlˈuːs

abuse濫用/虐待

6th

ḁbūse̽

əˈbjuːs

express opinions

表達意見

3rd 

ēksprêss 

ōpînīo̥nz

ɪksˈprɛəˈpɪnjənz

give views

給予見解

3rd 

gîve̽ vi̽ūws

gɪv vjuːz

dominate 佔上風

3rd 

dômînāte̽

ˈdɒmɪneɪtɪd

prevail

盛行/佔上風

3rd 

prēvāi̽l

prɪˈveɪld

major cause 

主要原因

3rd 

mājo̥r cãu̽se̽

ˈmeɪʤə kɔːz

conspicuous factor 顯而易見的因素

4th 

co̥nspîcũo̥u̽s 

fa³ctor

kənˈspɪkjʊəˈfæktə

aim at Ving

4th 

āi̽m a³t

eɪm æt (Ving)

aim to v

4th 

āi̽m tū

eɪm tuː (viː)

Therefore,

 Hence,

3rd 

3rd 

Thêre̥fôre̽,/ Hênce, 

ˈðeəfɔː, /hɛns,

thus ving

thereby  ving

4th     

5th 

thûs

thêre̥bȳ

ðʌs (ving)

ˈðeəˈbaɪ

 

Ciii) Useful Expressions

whether it be … (舉例用

1st 

over and above what normally might be expected

1st 

 to a certain extent. (當不敢太絕對時,運用!)

2nd 

without rigorous supports (沒嚴謹的支持下)

3rd 

on the ground of (n.)/ on the ground that (sentence)

3rd 

probably deviating from the primary purpose of …(失去初衷)

5th 

with equal measures (勢均力敵)

6th 

範文簡潔版

按此【DSE英文、IELTS寫作範文:Is Social Media encouraging the Freedom of Speech】

關於作者 Tomato Yip

創辦了「7+3視覺英語」,透過這個【7句型+3語構的關連系統】同你一起學習中學及大學的【碎片】英文語法,使你有序由淺入深寫出意念複雜的英文句子。無論書寫工作上的電郵/Proposal/大學論文/DSE英文/IELTS考試都能行雲流水。

26 11 月, 2021

內容目錄 範文內容說明詳解、規劃、爆Points範文簡潔版 範文內容說明詳解、規劃、爆PointsLearni

24 11 月, 2021

範文內容說明詳解、規劃、爆Points Learning English through Workplace

24 11 月, 2021

內容目錄 DSE英文、IELTS寫作範文內容範文內容說明詳解、規劃、爆Points 美國口音誦讀文章DSE英文

Page [tcb_pagination_current_page] of [tcb_pagination_total_pages]

>
error: Content is protected !!